The reform of classified management of private education is a major reform direction determined by the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and is an important part of deepening the reform in the field of education. On June 3, 2019, the Fujian Provincial People's Government issued the "Notice on the Reform of Classified Management of Private Education" (Minzheng  No. 7), and the city set out to implement the reform of classified management. However, the province's "Notice" stipulates the classification and selection of private schools at the compulsory education stage, plans for the placement of private schools, supervision of fees for non-profit private schools, preferential construction fees for non-profit private schools, private teacher training funds, and private education School teachers' talent introduction and other aspects are not specific. In order to better solve some specific operational problems encountered in the implementation process after the promulgation of the "Notice" of the province, objectively, it is necessary to formulate opinions on the reform of classified education management of civilian-run education.
Second, the main content
(1) Complete the classification registration management on time
1. Implement classified management. Private schools established before September 1, 2017 will implement classified management through policy guidance in accordance with the principle of voluntary sponsors, that is, non-profit and for-profit classified management of private schools (including other private education institutions). The sponsors of non-profit private schools do not get any school revenue, and all the school balance is used for running the school. The sponsors of for-profit private schools can obtain school revenue, and the school balance is distributed in accordance with relevant state regulations.
2. Promote a smooth transition. Private schools established before September 1, 2017 should go through classification registration formalities before December 31, 2020. They should not be converted into for-profit private schools on the principle of failing to complete the deadline, and specific time arrangements have been made. Private schools at the stage of implementing compulsory education may not transfer to for-profit schools. Local governments are required to carry out classified registration in accordance with the principle of "one school, one policy" to ensure a smooth transition.
3. Improve the exit mechanism. Require localities to distinguish between the different situations of setting up private schools around November 7, 2016, give corresponding property disposal plans, establish and improve the exit mechanism of private schools, develop resettlement plans and emergency plans, ensure orderly withdrawal, protect the legitimate rights and interests of teachers and students, and prevent state Loss of assets to maintain social stability.
(II) Accurately implement differentiated support policies
1. Implement the land use protection policy. Require localities to seriously implement different land use policies for non-profit private schools and for-profit schools. On the premise of planning permission, support private schools to relocate and expand schools through land replacement in accordance with laws and regulations.
2. Implement classified charging policies. Require localities to conscientiously implement the different charging policies of for-profit private schools and non-profit private schools, strictly implement the "Fujian Province Private Education Fee Management Implementation Rules" (Minfa Reform Service Price [ 2019] No. 394), and strengthen the behavior of charging schools Regulation.
3. Implement preferential tax policies. All localities are required to grant private schools preferential tax policies in accordance with relevant state regulations. Private schools use electricity, water and gas, etc., and implement the same price policies as public schools. All construction fee reductions and exemptions for non-profit private schools enjoy the same treatment as public schools.
4. Implement fiscal support policies. Local governments are required to set up special funds for private education development, include them in the annual budget for education at the same level, and formulate management methods for the use of special funds to support the development of private education. Funding for private teacher training should be included in the local fiscal year budget for protection. It is necessary to implement or refer to the policy of rewards and supplements for inclusive kindergartens in the central urban area of Ningde formulated by relevant departments in the city, and increase support for inclusive private kindergartens.
5. Implement multi-channel financing policies. Local governments are required to innovate private education investment and financing mechanisms, attract social capital through multiple channels, and expand sources of funding for running schools. Promote the government and social capital cooperation ( PPP) model, encourage social capital to participate in education infrastructure construction and operation management, and provide professional services. Encourage financial institutions to provide credit support to private schools.
6. Implement the rights protection policy. Local governments are required to earnestly implement the social security system for teachers in private schools. Private teachers have the same rights as teachers in public schools in terms of qualifications, job evaluation, training, and recognition. Teachers of private schools enjoy local talent introduction policies.
(3) Strive to create a first-class development environment
The county (city, district) party committees and governments are required to take the lead in the reform of the classification of private education in their own jurisdictions, actively promote the reform and development of private education, establish a joint conference system led by the education sector and multi-sector participation, and study and crack the restrictions on local private education Major issues for development.
鼓励条件成熟的民办学校要立即进行分类登记，有关部门要及时给予重新办理证照。 1. In terms of classification registration management: Private schools with mature conditions are encouraged to immediately perform classification registration, and the relevant departments must promptly re-license. The organizer who chooses to register as a non-profit private school can apply for re-registration as a non-profit private school after selection. Private schools at the stage of implementing compulsory education may not transfer to for-profit schools.
2. In implementing differentiated support policies:
( 1) Land use policy: The layout of private schools and public schools should be planned as a whole, and it should be well connected with the land space planning. The land for private school construction is managed as education land. When arranging land use indicators, the land demand for private education is guaranteed in accordance with the law. On the premise of planning permission, support private schools to relocate and expand schools through land replacement in accordance with laws and regulations.
( 2) Charge policy: Non-profit private kindergartens implement market-adjusted prices. We must adhere to the principle of inclusiveness in "public-owned and privately-run" schools. Local development and reform departments take the lead and work with education, human resources, and social security departments to study and formulate charging standards for non-profit private schools in their jurisdictions.
( 3) Tax and fee policy: The construction fee reduction and exemption for non-profit private schools enjoy the same treatment as public schools.
( 4) Fiscal policy: The funding for private teacher training should be included in the local fiscal year budget for protection. All localities should implement or refer to the policy of rewards and supplements for inclusive kindergartens in the central urban area of Ningde formulated by relevant departments in the city, and increase support for inclusive private kindergartens.
( 5) Other aspects: Teachers of private schools have the same rights as teachers of public schools in terms of qualifications, job evaluation, training, evaluation and recognition. Teachers of private schools enjoy local talent introduction policies. Private school students and public school students enjoy the same state funding policies as student loans and scholarships. Private compulsory education schools, like public schools, strictly abide by the test-free entry requirements. The enrollment of private compulsory education schools is under the same unified management and enrollment as public schools.